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虽小却重要的一步:纽约市步入“四步重启计划”第一阶段

虽小却重要的一步:纽约市步入“四步重启计划”第一阶段

Anders Melin, Jenny Surane, 彭博社 2020年06月10日
四步计划将逐渐解除商业活动限制以及人们在纽约州的活动和社交限制。

漫长的停摆期结束了。

在封城近三个月后,纽约市正式步入重新开放的第一阶段——向着逐渐恢复常态迈出了虽小却重要的一步。

6月9日,多达40万的纽约人或回归工作岗位。列车和公交将加开更多班次,建筑工地热闹起来,商店将推出路边自提服务。对于这座饱受新冠病毒肆虐的世界金融之都来说,这种变化着实显著。已经确认的2万多名死难者加上未统计的死亡人数,让该市的死亡率仅低于全球六个国家。

当然,现在宣布胜利还为时过早。纽约居民应该尽量缩小社交圈子,并且避免乘坐公共交通工具。无论去何处都应戴上口罩。外带鸡尾酒和临时居家理发将持续常态化。

前行之路将变得小心翼翼,谨慎的检测、接触者追踪和新病例监控缺一不可。

须知事项如下。

“第一阶段”重新开放意味着什么?

该阶段为四步重新开放计划的第一步。四步计划将逐渐解除商业活动限制以及人们在纽约州的活动和社交限制。整个过程的进展情况将取决于感染率、医院容量和该州检测及追踪疑似感染者的能力。无论如何,每一阶段都将持续至少两周。

据本监控面板显示,该州的某些地区已于5月中旬恢复开放,现已步入第二阶段。作为美国疫情爆发震中的纽约市是最后达到重新开放条件的地区。

纽约的未来之路

第一阶段

开放:建筑业、制造业、非必需零售业和批发商。(零售仅限于配送、路边自提和店内自提或退货。)

第二阶段

开放:发廊和理发店、店内零售、金融和保险等专业服务以及户外餐饮业。

第三阶段

开放:餐厅及其它食品服务企业,以提供堂食服务。(将不再阻止纽约居民乘用公共交通工具进行非必要出行。)

第四阶段

开放:学校、博物馆、电影院、剧院和其它娱乐场所。(学校将持续关闭至本学年结束。)

是否必须保持社交距离并避免同朋友会面?

你可以同朋友或其他人见面,但要小心谨慎。纽约州州长安德鲁·库莫于5月22日颁布的行政命令宣布,只要理由合法,允许10人以内的人群聚集。(此前的一项命令仅放宽了对阵亡将士纪念日活动和宗教仪式的距离规定,引发了一桩诉讼,而该规定是在那场诉讼后颁布的。)不过,健康专家仍然建议纽约居民保持社交距离,并在公共场合佩戴面部防护器具。

列车、公交车和渡轮是否运营,它们安全吗?

若你不是骨干工作者或没有出行必要,你应当完全避免出行。但如果必须为之,此处有几条基本规定:如有可能,避开高峰期并和他人保持距离。一直佩戴口罩。勤用洗手液洗手。到达目的地后立即洗手。如果你仍感不安,可以时刻提醒自己目前车辆和车站的清洁工作都比病毒爆发前更为频繁。

纽约大都会运输署(MTA)地铁与巴士:自6月8日起,二者均恢复正常日程安排,但火车仍会在凌晨1点至5点间停运。车票只能在自助服务设备上购买,车站无人售票。该署计划在一些车站安排职工和志愿者,为有需要的乘客分发洗手液和口罩。

渡轮:斯塔滕岛渡轮(The Staten Island Ferry)将按照修改后的时刻表运营——工作日上午和晚间每隔半小时双向发车一次。其余时间则为每小时双向发车一次。东河渡轮(The East River Ferry)依旧保持半数载客量,每日运营至晚上9点。

大都会北方铁路(Metro-North)和长岛铁路(Long Island Railroad):随着市外区域重新开放,两条铁路均于上个月延长了有限服务时间。目前,北铁加开了早间进城向和晚间出城向列车班次,长铁的客容量增加了15%。售票柜台依然关闭,乘客必须在自助终端或MTA应用程序上购票。好消息是,非高峰时期的票价适用于所有车次。

新泽西捷运(New Jersey Transit):列车与公交均保持运营。纽约宾州车站(New York’s Penn Station)中央大厅将于每日凌晨1点至5点闭门清洁,但乘客仍可从第七大道和第32街之间的正门进站。持纸质车票的乘客需自行检票,以减少与工作人员的手对手接触。

美国国家铁路客运公司(Amtrak):该列车运营公司已缩减了全国范围内的客运路线,但东北部的区域列车依旧运营。本月初,该公司还恢复了往返波士顿和华盛顿的热门阿西乐(Acela)路线——尽管班次有所减少。乘客仍可在车上购买食品和饮品,但餐车不提供座位。

商店会重新开放吗?

目前,部分非必需企业可重新开放,其中包括出售衣物、珠宝、体育用品、书籍和家具等物品的零售店,但顾客还不能进店购物。目前,零售商必须采用路边自提和配送等方式。此外,最近抗议活动造成的损失和对利润率的担忧也让一些店铺选择继续闭店一段时间。

重新开业的店铺必须遵守严格的清洁和卫生规定,确保适当的社交距离并向员工发放口罩。纽约州建议这些企业交错安排员工的工作日程。

公园情况如何?

许多带有绿地的公园保持开放,但游乐场和篮球场等已关闭。本市还未确定将于何时重新开放这些关闭区域。

何时能回办公室上班?

一句话:看情况。大多数公司行事谨慎,它们更有可能让员工分批复工而非全体同时复工。尽管如此,州长的计划则是等到第二阶段后再准许开放办公地点,最早也是两周后了。

如果纽约病例数激增且再也无法达到该州的重新开放条件,该怎么办?

目前尚不清楚该如何应对。(财富中文网)

作者:Anders Melin, Jenny Surane, 彭博社

译者:Biz

漫长的停摆期结束了。

在封城近三个月后,纽约市正式步入重新开放的第一阶段——向着逐渐恢复常态迈出了虽小却重要的一步。

6月9日,多达40万的纽约人或回归工作岗位。列车和公交将加开更多班次,建筑工地热闹起来,商店将推出路边自提服务。对于这座饱受新冠病毒肆虐的世界金融之都来说,这种变化着实显著。已经确认的2万多名死难者加上未统计的死亡人数,让该市的死亡率仅低于全球六个国家。

当然,现在宣布胜利还为时过早。纽约居民应该尽量缩小社交圈子,并且避免乘坐公共交通工具。无论去何处都应戴上口罩。外带鸡尾酒和临时居家理发将持续常态化。

前行之路将变得小心翼翼,谨慎的检测、接触者追踪和新病例监控缺一不可。

须知事项如下。

“第一阶段”重新开放意味着什么?

该阶段为四步重新开放计划的第一步。四步计划将逐渐解除商业活动限制以及人们在纽约州的活动和社交限制。整个过程的进展情况将取决于感染率、医院容量和该州检测及追踪疑似感染者的能力。无论如何,每一阶段都将持续至少两周。

据本监控面板显示,该州的某些地区已于5月中旬恢复开放,现已步入第二阶段。作为美国疫情爆发震中的纽约市是最后达到重新开放条件的地区。

纽约的未来之路

第一阶段

开放:建筑业、制造业、非必需零售业和批发商。(零售仅限于配送、路边自提和店内自提或退货。)

第二阶段

开放:发廊和理发店、店内零售、金融和保险等专业服务以及户外餐饮业。

第三阶段

开放:餐厅及其它食品服务企业,以提供堂食服务。(将不再阻止纽约居民乘用公共交通工具进行非必要出行。)

第四阶段

开放:学校、博物馆、电影院、剧院和其它娱乐场所。(学校将持续关闭至本学年结束。)

是否必须保持社交距离并避免同朋友会面?

你可以同朋友或其他人见面,但要小心谨慎。纽约州州长安德鲁·库莫于5月22日颁布的行政命令宣布,只要理由合法,允许10人以内的人群聚集。(此前的一项命令仅放宽了对阵亡将士纪念日活动和宗教仪式的距离规定,引发了一桩诉讼,而该规定是在那场诉讼后颁布的。)不过,健康专家仍然建议纽约居民保持社交距离,并在公共场合佩戴面部防护器具。

列车、公交车和渡轮是否运营,它们安全吗?

若你不是骨干工作者或没有出行必要,你应当完全避免出行。但如果必须为之,此处有几条基本规定:如有可能,避开高峰期并和他人保持距离。一直佩戴口罩。勤用洗手液洗手。到达目的地后立即洗手。如果你仍感不安,可以时刻提醒自己目前车辆和车站的清洁工作都比病毒爆发前更为频繁。

纽约大都会运输署(MTA)地铁与巴士:自6月8日起,二者均恢复正常日程安排,但火车仍会在凌晨1点至5点间停运。车票只能在自助服务设备上购买,车站无人售票。该署计划在一些车站安排职工和志愿者,为有需要的乘客分发洗手液和口罩。

渡轮:斯塔滕岛渡轮(The Staten Island Ferry)将按照修改后的时刻表运营——工作日上午和晚间每隔半小时双向发车一次。其余时间则为每小时双向发车一次。东河渡轮(The East River Ferry)依旧保持半数载客量,每日运营至晚上9点。

大都会北方铁路(Metro-North)和长岛铁路(Long Island Railroad):随着市外区域重新开放,两条铁路均于上个月延长了有限服务时间。目前,北铁加开了早间进城向和晚间出城向列车班次,长铁的客容量增加了15%。售票柜台依然关闭,乘客必须在自助终端或MTA应用程序上购票。好消息是,非高峰时期的票价适用于所有车次。

新泽西捷运(New Jersey Transit):列车与公交均保持运营。纽约宾州车站(New York’s Penn Station)中央大厅将于每日凌晨1点至5点闭门清洁,但乘客仍可从第七大道和第32街之间的正门进站。持纸质车票的乘客需自行检票,以减少与工作人员的手对手接触。

美国国家铁路客运公司(Amtrak):该列车运营公司已缩减了全国范围内的客运路线,但东北部的区域列车依旧运营。本月初,该公司还恢复了往返波士顿和华盛顿的热门阿西乐(Acela)路线——尽管班次有所减少。乘客仍可在车上购买食品和饮品,但餐车不提供座位。

商店会重新开放吗

目前,部分非必需企业可重新开放,其中包括出售衣物、珠宝、体育用品、书籍和家具等物品的零售店,但顾客还不能进店购物。目前,零售商必须采用路边自提和配送等方式。此外,最近抗议活动造成的损失和对利润率的担忧也让一些店铺选择继续闭店一段时间。

重新开业的店铺必须遵守严格的清洁和卫生规定,确保适当的社交距离并向员工发放口罩。纽约州建议这些企业交错安排员工的工作日程。

公园情况如何?

许多带有绿地的公园保持开放,但游乐场和篮球场等已关闭。本市还未确定将于何时重新开放这些关闭区域。

何时能回办公室上班?

一句话:看情况。大多数公司行事谨慎,它们更有可能让员工分批复工而非全体同时复工。尽管如此,州长的计划则是等到第二阶段后再准许开放办公地点,最早也是两周后了。

如果纽约病例数激增且再也无法达到该州的重新开放条件,该怎么办?

目前尚不清楚该如何应对。(财富中文网)

作者:Anders Melin, Jenny Surane, 彭博社

译者:Biz

The long pause is over.

After nearly three months in lockdown, New York City officially entered its first phase of reopening—a small but important step toward some semblance of normalcy.

As many as 400,000 New Yorkers may come back to work on June 9. Trains and buses will run more often, construction sites will come alive and shops can start curbside pickup. It’s a marked shift for the world’s financial capital, which has been ravaged by the coronavirus. With over 20,000 confirmed and probable fatalities, the city’s death toll surpasses all but six countries.

Of course, it’s still too soon to declare victory. Residents are encouraged to limit socializing to small groups and avoid public transit. Face masks should be worn pretty much everywhere. Take-away cocktails and makeshift at-home haircuts will remain the norm for a while longer.

The path forward will be a cautious one, relying on vigilant testing, contact-tracing, and monitoring of new cases.

Here’s what you need to know.

What does ‘Phase One’ reopening mean?

This is the first of a four-step process that will gradually ease restrictions on business activity and people’s ability to move around and socialize in the state of New York. The progress is contingent on infection rates, hospital capacity and the state’s ability to test and trace those who may have contracted the virus. Regardless, each phase will last at least two weeks.

Some parts of the state that opened up in mid-May have already entered the second stage, as shown on this monitoring dashboard. New York City, the epicenter of the outbreak in the U.S., is the last region to meet the requirements to start reopening.

New York City's path forward

Phase one

Businesses reopening: Construction, manufacturing, non-essential retail and wholesale merchants. (Retail is limited to delivery, curbside and in-store pickup or drop off.)

Phase two

Businesses reopening: Hair salons and barbershops, in-store retail, offices, professional services like finance and insurance, and outdoor dining.

Phase three

Businesses reopening: Restaurants and other food-service businesses open for dine-in service.( New Yorkers will no longer be discouraged from using mass transit for non-essential trips.)

Phase four

Businesses reopening: Schools, museums, cinemas, theaters and other recreational businesses.( Schools will remain closed for the remainder of the academic year.)

Must I still keep social distancing and avoid seeing friends?

You can see friends and others — but remain careful. A May 22 executive order from New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said groups of up to 10 people can gather for any lawful reason. (It was introduced after a lawsuit challenged a prior order, which eased distancing rules for Memorial Day activities and religious services only.) But health experts still advise New Yorkers to practice social distancing and wear face protections in public.

Are trains, buses and ferries still running, and are they safe?

Unless you’re an essential worker or on an essential trip, you should refrain from riding at all. But if you must, a few ground rules apply: If possible, avoid rush hours and keep your distance. Always wear a face mask. Don’t skimp on the hand sanitizer. And once you reach your destination, wash your hands. If you’re still worried, you can always remind yourself that both vehicles and stations are now being cleaned more frequently than before the virus outbreak.

MTA subway and buses: Both will be back on their normal day schedules starting on June 8, but trains still won’t run between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m. Tickets can only be bought from kiosks, not from station agents. The agency plans to post staff and volunteers in some stations to give hand sanitizer and face masks to customers who need them.

Ferries: The Staten Island Ferry will run on a modified schedule — departures in both directions every half hour — during weekday mornings and evenings. At all other times, departures will be hourly. The East River Ferry will continue running at about half capacity, and daily service ends at about 9 p.m.

Metro-North and Long Island Railroad: Both expanded their limited-service schedules last month as areas outside the city began reopening. Metro-North now runs additional city-bound trains in the morning and in the opposite direction in the evening, and LIRR has increased capacity by 15%. Ticket counters remain closed, so passengers must use kiosks or the MTA app. But on the upside, off-peak fares will apply to all rides.

New Jersey Transit: Trains and buses are still operating. The concourse in New York’s Penn Station will be closed for cleaning every night between 1 a.m. and 5 a.m., but customers can still enter via the main entrance on 7th Avenue and 32nd Street. Those with paper tickets will be asked to tear those themselves to minimize hand-to-hand contact with staff.

Amtrak: The train operator has pared back its trips nationwide, but still runs regional trains in the Northeast. It also resumed its popular Acela route between Boston and Washington earlier this month — though on a reduced schedule. Customers can still buy food and drinks onboard, but there’s no seating in the dining cars.

Are stores open again?

A variety of nonessential businesses can now open up again, including retailers that sell clothes, jewelry, sporting goods, books and furniture — but customers still can’t enter. For now, retailers must stick with curbside pickup and delivery. That, combined with damage incurred during the recent protests and worries about profitability, has led some stores to keep their doors closed a bit longer.

Those that do reopen must follow a strict protocol for cleaning and sanitation, ensure proper social distancing and provide employees with face masks. The state also recommends businesses stagger workers’ schedules.

What about parks?

Many parks with green spaces have remained open while playgrounds and basketball courts have been closed. The city hasn’t yet set a date for when the shuttered areas will reopen.

When will I be able to go back to my office?

The short answer: It depends. Most companies are taking a cautious approach and they’ll likely send employees back to offices in waves rather than all at once. Even so, the governor’s plan doesn’t permit offices to reopen until Phase Two, which at the very earliest will be two weeks from now.

What happens if New York sees a surge in cases and no longer meets the state’s reopening requirements?

For now, it’s unclear how that will be handled.

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